Saturday, May 23, 2020

Tobacco Products Marketing, And Sales - 858 Words

They be found in almost any store, right behind the register after a grocery list has been completed. Tobacco products are multi-billion dollar industries that thrive on the addiction of its’ consumers. Although individuals have the right to use tobacco products, the United states should ban the production, marketing, and sales because the marketing is geared towards teens and young adults, the health issues contributed to the use of tobacco are overwhelming, they’re highly addictive, and the effects of second-hand smoke is as harmful as smoking itself. With the right structure and appeal to the target consumer, marketing can make or break the sales of a product. Tobacco companies are constantly looking for ways to attract new consumers ensuring each generation of teens and young adults are addicted to their products; continuing their success and cash flow. The most effective method of finding new ways to appeal to consumers is through market research and over the years, tobacco companies have done a considerable amount. Their research shows that since the 1960s they’ve had an astonishingly high interest in young smokers, despite their claims to only be interested in adult consumers. Why do tobacco companies have such a high interest in teens and young adults? Because their studies show that people seldom start smoking after the age of 25 and begin smoking before the age of 18. Out of 5500 research documents that were collected, 20% of them were teen and young adultShow MoreRelatedTobacco Products And Its Effects On The Unite d States876 Words   |  4 Pagescan be found in almost any store, right behind the register after a grocery list has been completed. Tobacco companies are multi-billion dollar industries that thrive on the addiction of its consumers. The United States government should take control of tobacco companies and ban the marketing, production, and sales of tobacco. This is because health issues contributed to the use of tobacco products are overwhelmingly high; they’re very addictive; the effects of second-hand smoke are as harmful asRead MoreTobacco Advertisement: Why Restrict Marketing of Tobacco Products that Creates a Tremendous Amount of Revenue and Jobs in America1604 Words   |  7 Pagesrisks of using tobacco are common knowledge. It is a known fact that if someone smokes their chance of getting lung cancer is increased drastically, yet so many Americans choose to do so. The FDA is taking steps to tighten the rules of tobacco marketing, some of these rules will include p rohibiting self-service tobacco displays in stores, restricting vending-machine sales, and forbidding most free samples of tobacco products. (Reid pg. 1) These are just small hits to the big tobacco industry, butRead MoreThe Dangers Of Tobacco And Alcohol Companies1576 Words   |  7 PagesTobacco and alcohol companies are more widespread than ever and are expanding their target age group in the process of them increasing profit margins for their specific company. Excessive alcohol consumption and the associated negative health effects are a major public health concern since past and more recent studies. â€Å"Almost 4% of all deaths worldwide are attributable to alcohol† (Graham 1). Also, more than half of people who are frequent smokers started prior to the legal smoking age of eighteenRead MoreVenture Concepts Paper826 Words   |  4 Pagesget all the resources that I need is Wyatt’s Liquor and Tobacco Store. At my store, customers will be able to purchase variet ies of liquor, beer, wine, and tobacco products. The Wyatt’s Liquor and Tobacco Store will be the cheapest store around that customers will be able to purchase liquor and tobacco products all the time. In order for me to start my business, I have to get an beer-sales license, tobacco license, beer and tobacco sales training program, business license, business plan, retailRead MoreIntroduction. Tobacco Use Throughout The United States1254 Words   |  6 Pages Introduction Tobacco use throughout the United States has become an epidemic, not only among adults, but among adolescents as well. People do not realize the effects of tobacco or the consequence of using tobacco among the youth and adolescents. What are the leading factors of adolescents using tobacco? Do peers and parents have an influence on tobacco use among adolescents? Throughout this paper I will discuss the effects of tobacco use, the statistics of tobacco use among adolescents, and otherRead MoreTobacco Use Will Kill One Billion People This Century978 Words   |  4 PagesHistory â€Å"IF LEFT UNCHECKED, TOBACCO USE WILL KILL ONE BILLION PEOPLE THIS CENTURY († One billion people is a staggering number to die from a consumer product that is widely available and promoted worldwide by the multinational company Phillip Morris International. The explosion of mainstream tobacco use and acceptance in the twentieth century began with an attitude of glamor and toughness. This approach fueled by magnetic film stars smoking in the movies between the 1920’Read MoreEssay on Rj Reynolds Case1011 Words   |  5 PagesIncorporated (RAI) was founded as and by RJ Reynolds in1875. o US Corporation headquartered in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. o It manufactures tobacco related products such as cigarettes, additive free tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and cigars that contain nicotine replacement therapy products. o In the 60’s they began diversifying into food and other non-tobacco business and became well known for RJR Nabisco. o In 1987, Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts Co. (KKK) won control of the company and they turned itRead MoreThe Ethics of Tobacco Advertisement1738 Words   |  7 PagesKatie Simer Professor M. Harutunian English 101 21 September 2011 The Ethics of Tobacco Advertising Can one limit what is advertised? Who is to say whether cigarette advertising is ethical? There have been many bans on tobacco advertising. There is a notion that advertising cigarettes is unethical because society has claimed it to be. Smoking has been one of the biggest parts of advertising for decades. Doctors would promote certain cigarettes. Many believed cigarette smoking to be a way to relieveRead MorePhillip Morrison: Marketing Case Study1156 Words   |  5 PagesMarketing case study Phillip Morrison is one of the largest corporations in the United States, and an epitome of business success. The company nevertheless sells tobacco products, which are harmful for the health of the people. This dimension of their business operations increases the complexity of attaining success for the company, in the meaning that the organization has to employ powerful marketing tools to promote its products. The previous pages have revealed analyses of the company andRead MoreIs Marketing Really All That Ethical?1453 Words   |  6 Pages Is Marketing really all that ethical? Marketing has been used as a forefront for promoting the sale of products, and services to customers for centuries. We see examples of marketing every day channeled through mediums such as television, radio, newspapers, product packaging, and massive billboards on the side of the road. As humans, we are naturally wired to fall for the so called ‘next best product’, the ‘intriguingly eye catching packaging’, and the ‘lowest price’. However, what we are not

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Irans Existing Institutions - 1522 Words

The current, existing institutions set up in Iran would qualify this country as both consensual and majoritarian. The Iranian executive branch is composed of a Supreme Leader elected by the Assembly of Experts, a president and vice president, oversight bodies and a cabinet (World Fact Book). The Supreme leader is appointed for life by the Assembly Experts, not through the people. Iran also has a weak, unicameral Islamic legislative branch. It is also important to note that Iran does not put a lot of its attention toward formalized political parties and interest groups. Iran is a mixture of consensual and majoritarian government, but recent events and other governmental acts prove otherwise. While most aspects in its written Constitution label Iran as consensual, the government does not always act that way. With nearly seventy-seven million people in the country with ethnic groups including Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes, and others, Iran should mak e the educated decision to move towards a more consensual government to better represent their people and include minority representation (Iran). To make this transformation, the Iranian government should make changes dealing with the election system, executive power sharing, balance of power, political parties and federalism. The Iran election system is composed of a simple majority, where 50 plus one votes is necessary for a candidate to win (Iran’s Electoral System†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ). This type of electionShow MoreRelatedHow Does It Undermine The Executive Branch In International Affairs?791 Words   |  4 PagesOn top of the outrage many citizens wanted the 755 American international workers to leave. A major reason Iran was included in the sanction was the continuation of developing ballistic missiles from Iran’s government. The United Nations described it as a violation of security council on Iran’s part. US officials have also accused Iran of supporting groups that Washington has designated â€Å"terrorist organizations† such as Hezbollah, Hamas and other violent groups. Iran is also under suspicion ofRead MoreIran Culture Issue and History1730 Words   |  7 PagesInternational Atomic Energy Agency releases a report saying Irans suspected research into the development of nuclear weapons remained a matter of serious concern. European Union nations agree to impose new sanctions against Iran. 2009 Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is declared the landslide victor in presidential elections, sparking protests by supporters of candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi, who unsuccessfully appealed the results to Irans Guardian Council. Social Structures in Iran AfterRead MoreIran Nuclear Fuel Cycle Technology1914 Words   |  8 Pagestechnology, a capability which could be used peaceful purposes or developing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Iran has insisted that its uranium enrichment program is exclusively for peaceful purposes, but the lack of transparency and integrity of Iran’s nuclear program resulted in disputes between the international community and Iran. The UN Security Council has passed some resolutions and sanctions pressuring Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with itsRead MoreBusiness Regulations : The And The Free Zones2105 Words   |  9 PagesAsia-Pacific [ICA- AP], The International Co-operative Alliance and several other institutions. There is Code of Ethics for labors, Labor Law and a national minimum wage applies to each sector. Although in theory the laws and regulations are well written, yet there is no union system in the country. The government claims that the workers are represented ostensibly by the Workers House, a state-sponsored institution that nonetheless attempts to challenge some state policies, but Iran is known forRead MoreThe Revolution From Above By Reza Shah1955 Words   |  8 Pagesan important role in changing a person’s ideology and habits. It was a means to help the nomads to get used to the new way of living and to instill them a sense of nation or Iranism. Reza Shah launched a project in 1929 to educate the children of Iran’s multitudinous tribes. The curriculum in the tribal schools varied in different areas, but was nevertheless highly censored and designed in such a way that would benefit the government in promoting loyalty to the nation, in preventing rebelling andRead MoreEssay on Hezbollah: Lebanese Shiite Militia956 Words   |  4 Pagesindependent of Syria. This began a decline of Syrian support for him, and a decline of Sunni dominance. After Hariri’s assassination in 2005, Syria was able to grasp control of Lebanon once more, and enabled Hezbollah to demonstrate a larger role. First existing as a revolutionary Islamist movement, Hezbollah refocused its image in order to keep expanding.# Hezbollah evolves its ideology from Khomeini’s theory of â€Å"Wilayat al Fakih†, which practices blind faith in a supreme ruler. This is where HezbollahRead MoreThe CIA and the Iranian Coup DEtat in 19532574 Words   |  10 Pagesparliamentary procedures. The military component of TPAJAX was only a contingency to maintain the desired outcome against resistance by Tudeh or Mosaddeq supporters. The CIA orchestrated the 1953 Coup of Iran to overthrow Mosaddeq; primarily to maintain existing western control of Iranian oil, thus preventing the collapse of Great Britain’s economic system and alleviating the risk of an Iranian government strongly influenced by the Soviet Union. Iran adopted a constitution for the first time in 1906. TheRead MoreThe Movement Of The Iranian Revolution2044 Words   |  9 Pageshave a positive view about the Islamic Revolution, some of the revolution’s critical analysts also underline cultural importance. Sayid Amir Arjomand, in the book The Turban for the crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran, believes that to understand Iran’s revolution, considering two basic factors in essential; one is the shi’i clerical authority’s structure, and the other is the effect of modernised government one Iranian society. He takes a glance at socio-economic factors and pays more attentionRead MoreTowards An Eu Iran Strategy2253 Words   |  10 Pagesmeasurable realities and outcomes again . It is unclear if the EU has any coordinated, de-escalation strategy for the Middle East when the EU describes the state and consequences of the multi-million influx of Syrian refugees who regard Al-Assad, Iran’s IRGC and Hezbollah responsible for the atrocities in Syria. This view is shared by the Sunni majority of European Muslims and will most certainly shape a very strong anti-Iran Sunni alliance throughout Europe. The situation will only intensify ifRead MoreThe United States Relations with the Middle East2681 Words   |  11 Pagesultimately led to the deterioration of U.S. – Iran relations. The Shah brought unwanted change to the social landscape of Iran during the mid-twentieth century. In the January of 1963, Pahlavi initiated his â€Å"White Revolution† which led to the institution of a Literacy Corps and western education in Iran. These secular reforms created an educated middle class consisting of doctors, engineers, journalists and experts in various other fields. However, many historians argue that the Shah’s implementation

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Secret Circle The Initiation Chapter Thirteen Free Essays

Very funny, Cassie thought. But actually it wasn’t funny at all. She guessed that there was a deadly serious side to Faye’s question. We will write a custom essay sample on The Secret Circle: The Initiation Chapter Thirteen or any similar topic only for you Order Now Somehow she didn’t see Faye wanting to use the Powers – whatever those were – for good. And she didn’t see Diana wanting to use them for anything else. â€Å"Does anybody have anything more to say? Questions, comments, club business?† Diana was looking around the group. â€Å"Then I’m declaring the meeting over. You can all go or stay as you like. We’ll have another meeting tomorrow afternoon to honor Kori and talk about a plan of action.† There was a murmur of voices as people turned to one another and got up. The electric tension that had held the group together had dissipated, but there was an unfinished feeling in the air, as if nobody really wanted to leave yet. Suzan went over behind a rock and pulled out several wet six-packs of diet soft drinks. Laurel promptly went behind another rock and returned with a large thermos. â€Å"It’s rose-hip tea,† she said, pouring a cup of fragrant, dark red liquid and smiling at Cassie. â€Å"No tea leaves at all, but it’ll warm you up and make you feel better. Roses are soothing and purifying.† â€Å"Thanks,† said Cassie, taking it gratefully. Her head was spinning. Information overload, she thought. I’m a witch, she thought then, wonderingly. Half a witch, anyway. And Mom and Grandma – they’re both hereditary witches. It was a bizarre and almost impossible notion to swallow. She took another gulp of the hot, sweet drink, shivering in spite of herself. â€Å"Here,† Melanie said. She removed the pale green shawl and put it around Cassie’s shoulders. â€Å"We’re used to the cold; you’re not. If you want, we can make a fire.† â€Å"No, I’m fine with the shawl,† Cassie said, tucking her bare feet under her. â€Å"It’s beautiful – is it very old?† â€Å"It was my great-grandmother’s great-grandmother’s – if you can believe the old stories.† Melanie said. â€Å"We usually get more dressed up for Circles – we can wear anything we feel like, and sometimes it gets outrageous. But tonight†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"Yes.† Cassie nodded in understanding. Melanie was being nicer than usual, she thought. More like Laurel or Diana. It puzzled Cassie for a moment – and then she got it. I’m one of them, she thought, and for the first time the full import of this struck her. Not a puppy off the street anymore. I’m a full member of the Club. She felt the bubbles of excitement, of exhilaration in her bloodstream again. And there was a deeper feeling, too, of recognition. As if something at her core was nodding, saying Yes, I knew all along. Cassie looked at Melanie quietly sipping her tea, and at Laurel straightening a pink candle that was slumping over. Then she looked at Diana, standing a little distance up the beach with the Henderson brothers, the three blond heads close together. Diana seemed to feel no self-consciousness about wearing the thin white shift and the fancy jewelry. It seemed a natural costume for her. My people, Cassie thought. The sudden sense of belonging – of loving – was so intense that tears came to her eyes. Then she looked at Deborah and Suzan, deep in conversation, and at Faye, who was listening with a bland smile to something Sean was excitedly saying, and at Nick, who was staring silently out at the ocean, a can of something that wasn’t soda in his hand. Even them, she thought. She was willing to try and get along with all the other members, with everyone who shared her blood. Even the ones who’d tried to keep her out. She looked back at Laurel, to find the slim, brown-haired girl watching her with the hint of a sympathetic smile. â€Å"A lot to deal with at once,† Laurel said knowingly. â€Å"Yes. But it’s exciting, too.† Laurel smiled. â€Å"So now that you’re a witch,† she said, â€Å"what’s the first thing you’re going to do?† Cassie laughed, feeling something almost like intoxication. Power, she thought. There’s so much Power out there – and now I can take it. She shook her head and lifted the hand that wasn’t holding rose-hip tea. â€Å"What can we do?† she said. â€Å"I mean, what sorts of things?† Laurel and Melanie exchanged glances. â€Å"Basically, you name it,† Melanie said. She picked up the book that Diana had shown Cassie earlier and riffled through it, showing Cassie the pages. They were yellowing and brittle and covered with cramped, illegible writing. They were also covered with pink Post-it notes and plastic tape flags. Almost every page had one and some had several. â€Å"This is the first Book of Shadows we got hold of,† said Melanie. â€Å"We found it in Diana’s attic. Since then we’ve found others – every family is supposed to have one. We’ve been working on this one for maybe five years, deciphering the spells and copying them out in modern language. I’m even putting it on my computer for easier cross-reference.† â€Å"Sort of a Floppy Disk of Shadows,† Cassie said. Laurel grinned. â€Å"Right. And it’s funny, you know, but once you start learning spells and rituals, it seems to wake up something inside you – and you start coming up with your own.† â€Å"Instinct,† Cassie murmured. â€Å"Right,† said Laurel. â€Å"We all have it, some more than others. And some of us are better than others at certain things, like calling on the different Powers. I work best with Earth.† Laurel took a handful of sand and let it trickle through her fingers. â€Å"Three guesses as to what Faye works best with,† Melanie said dryly. â€Å"But anyway, to answer your question, there’s lots we can do,† Laurel said. â€Å"It all depends on your taste. Spells of protection, of defense – â€Å" â€Å"Or attack,† put in Melanie, with a glance toward Deborah and Suzan. † – spells for little things, like lighting fires, and for big ones, like – well, you’ll find out. Charms for healing, and for finding things out – scrying and divining. Love potions†¦Ã¢â‚¬  She smiled as Cassie looked up quickly. â€Å"That interest you?† â€Å"Oh, a little, maybe.† Cassie blushed. God, she wished she could just gather her thoughts properly. She still had that nagging feeling that there was something she was missing, something obvious that she was overlooking and should be asking about. But what? â€Å"There’s a certain amount of debate over the ethics of love potions and love spells,† Melanie was saying, her gray eyes not entirely approving. â€Å"Some people feel it violates a person’s free will, you know. And a spell misused can rebound on the person who casts it – threefold. Some people don’t feel it’s worth the risk.† â€Å"And other people,† Laurel said mock solemnly, her brown eyes sparkling, â€Å"say that all’s fair in love and war. If you know what I mean.† Cassie bit her lip. No matter how hard she tried to concentrate on that nagging worry, another thought was pushing it out of her mind. Or, not a thought so much as a hope, the sudden glimpse of a possibility. Love potions. And finding things out. Something to find him and bring him to her. Was there such a spell? She seemed to feel in her bones that there was. To find him†¦ the boy with the blue-gray eyes. Warmth pooled in Cassie’s stomach and her palms tingled. The very possibility seemed to lift her on wings. Oh, please, if she could only ask one thing†¦ â€Å"Supposing,† she said, and was relieved to hear her voice sound normal, â€Å"you wanted to, say, find somebody you’d met and lost track of. Somebody you – liked, and wanted to see again. Would there be any kind of a spell for that?† Laurel’s brown eyes sparkled again. â€Å"Now, is this a boy-type person we’re supposing about here?† she said. â€Å"Yes.† Cassie knew she was blushing again. â€Å"Well – † Laurel glanced at Melanie, who was shaking her head in a resigned way, then turned back to Cassie. â€Å"I’d say something like a simple tree spell. Trees are attuned to things like love and friendship, anything that grows and brings life. And fall is a good time to use things you harvest, like apples. So I’d do an apple spell. In one, you take an apple and split it. Then you take two needles – ordinary sewing needles – and put one through the eye of the other and bind them together with thread. Then put them inside the apple and close it up again. Tie it so it stays closed. Then tie it back on the tree and say some words to tell the tree what you want.† â€Å"What kind of words?† â€Å"Oh, a poem or something,† Laurel said. â€Å"Something to invoke the power of the tree and help you visualize what you’re asking for. It’s best to make it rhyme. I’m not good at making up that kind of thing, but, like: ‘Friendly tree, friendly tree, bring my special friend to me.’ â€Å" No. Not quite, Cassie thought, a thrill going through her. Laurel’s words were changing in her mind, transforming, expanding. She seemed to hear a voice, bell clear and yet remote. Bud and blossom, leaf and tree, Find him, bind him, now to me. Shoot and seedling, root and bough, Threads of love entwine us now. Her lips moved soundlessly with the words. Yes, she knew somehow in the very core of her that that was right. That was the spell†¦ but would she really dare to use it? Yes. For him, I’d risk anything, she thought. She stared down at her fingers as they absently combed through the sand. Tomorrow, she decided. Tomorrow I’ll do it. And then afterward I’ll spend every minute of every day watching and hoping. Waiting for the time when I see a shadow and look up and it’s him, or when I hear footsteps and turn and see him coming. Or when – What happened next was so startling and unexpected that Cassie almost screamed. A wet nose thrust under her hand. What stopped her from screaming was something like heart failure; the shriek got to her throat, and then she actually saw the dog and everything went fuzzy. Her recoiling hand fell limply back. Her lips opened and closed silently. Through a blur and a mist she stared at the liquid brown eyes and the short, silky-bristly hairs on the muzzle. The dog stared back at her, mouth open and laughing, as if to say, â€Å"Aren’t you happy to see me?† Then Cassie raised her eyes to look at the dog’s master. He was looking down at her, as he had that day on the beach in Cape Cod. The moonlight tangled in his red hair, turning some strands to flame while others were dark as wine. His blue-gray eyes looked silver. He’d found her. Everything was motionless. The ocean’s roar seemed hushed and distant, and Cassie was aware of no other sound. Even the breeze had died. It was as if the entire world was waiting. Slowly, Cassie got to her feet. The green shawl fell behind her, discarded. She could feel the cold, but only because it made her aware of her own body, of every part of it, tingling like electricity. Yet strangely, although she was keenly aware of her body, she also seemed to be floating above it. Just like the first time, she seemed to see herself – and him – standing there on the beach. She could see herself in her thin white night-gown and bare feet, her hair loose on her shoulders, looking up at him. Like Clara in the Nutcracker ballet, she thought, when she wakes up in the middle of the night and looks at the Nutcracker Prince who’s come to take her away into a world of magic. She felt like Clara. As if the moonlight had transformed her into something delicate and beautiful, something enchanted. As if he might take her in his arms right then and dance with her. As if in the moonlight they could dance forever. They were gazing at each other. From the moment their eyes had met, neither of them had looked away. She could see the wonder in his face. As if he were as surprised to see her as she was to see him – but how could he be? He had found her; he must have been looking for her. The silver cord, she thought. She couldn’t see it now, but she could feel it, feel the vibrations of its power. She could feel it connecting them, heart to heart. The trembling went from her chest into her stomach, and then all over. The cord was tightening, drawing them together. It was pulling her closer to him. Slowly, his hand came up and he reached out to her. She raised her own hand, to put it in his – And there was a cry from behind her. The tall boy looked over her shoulder, distracted. And then his hand fell away. Something came between them, something bright. Bright like sunlight, shattering Cassie’s trance. It was Diana, and she was embracing the tall red-haired boy. She was holding him. No – they were holding each other. Cassie stared, stunned, at the sight of him with his arms around someone else. She was barely able to comprehend the words she heard next. â€Å"Oh, Adam – I’m so glad you’re back.† Cassie stood like a pillar of ice. She hadn’t seen Diana break down before, but Diana was breaking down now. She was crying. Cassie could see her shaking and could see how the tall boy – how Adam – held her to try and stop it. Held her. He was holding Diana. And his name was Adam. â€Å"You mean she hasn’t told you about Adam yet? Diana, there’s such a thing as carrying modesty too far†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"Who is he? Is he your boyfriend?†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"He’s nice. I think youi’ll like him†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Cassie fell to her knees and buried her face in Raj’s fur, clinging to the big dog. She couldn’t bear for anyone to see her face right now, and she was grateful for Raj’s warm solidity as she leaned against him. Oh, God; oh, God †¦ Vaguely, she could hear Adam’s voice. â€Å"What’s wrong? I tried to get back for Kori’s initiation, but where is she? What’s going on?† He looked at Cassie. â€Å"And – â€Å" â€Å"Her name is Cassie Blake,† Diana said. â€Å"She’s Mrs. Howard’s granddaughter, and she’s just moved here.† â€Å"Yes, I – â€Å" But Diana, her voice distracted by grief, was still speaking. â€Å"And we just initiated her instead of Kori.† â€Å"What?† Adam demanded. â€Å"Why?† There was a silence. Finally, it was Melanie who spoke up, her voice as quiet and detached as a newscaster’s making an announcement. â€Å"Because this morning – or yesterday morning, rather, since it’s really Wednesday now – Kori’s body was found at the bottom of the school hill. Her neck was broken.† â€Å"Oh, God.† Cassie looked up to see Adam’s grip on Diana tighten. He shut his eyes briefly as she leaned against him, shaking again. Then he looked at the Henderson brothers. â€Å"Chris†¦ Doug†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Doug’s teeth were clenched. â€Å"Outsiders did it,† he said. â€Å"Sally did it,† snarled Deborah. â€Å"We don’t know who did it,† Diana said. She spoke with passionate force. â€Å"And we’re not going to do anything until we find out.† Adam nodded. â€Å"And you,† he said, looking toward the back of the group. â€Å"What have you been doing to help while all this was going on?† â€Å"Not a damn thing,† Nick said. He had been standing with his arms folded over his chest, watching impassively. Now his defiant gaze met Adam’s and locked with it. It was clear there was no love lost between the two. â€Å"He has been helping, Adam,† Diana said, forestalling whatever Adam was about to say next. â€Å"He’s come to meetings, and he’s here tonight. That’s all we can ask.† â€Å"It’s not all I can ask,† Adam said. â€Å"Ask away. You’re not going to get anything more.† Nick turned around. â€Å"I’m out of here.† â€Å"Oh, don’t go†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Laurel began, but Nick was already leaving. â€Å"I’ve been showing up because Diana asked, but I’m through now. I’ve had enough for tonight,† he said over his shoulder. Then he was gone. Faye turned to Adam and smiled her slowest, most dazzling smile. She put her hands together and clapped. â€Å"Beautiful job, Adam. Here Diana has spent the last three weeks slaving to keep the troops together and you undo it all in the first three minutes. I couldn’t have done better myself.† â€Å"Oh, get stuffed, Faye,† said Laurel. Cassie, meanwhile, was still kneeling. Although she was clinging to Raj, she could see, sense, think of only one thing. Adam’s arm – his arm – around Diana’s shoulders. His name is Adam. And he’s hers. Not mine; hers. He always has been. It couldn’t be. It was not possible. Beyond all hope, she had found him again; he had come to her. Without a love spell, as if drawn by the very intensity of her need for him, he had come – and she couldn’t have him. How could she have been so stupid? How could she not have realized? They’d all talked tonight about completing the Circle, about twelve members, always twelve. But if she’d stopped to count, she’d have seen that there were only eleven. Diana and Melanie and Laurel, that was three; and Faye and Suzan and Deborah, that was six. Plus the boys, the Henderson brothers and Nick and Sean – that was ten. And Cassie made eleven. All along something at the back of her mind had known that it didn’t add up, and had been trying to tell her. But she hadn’t listened. And how could I have not known anyway? she thought. How could I have not realized the boy I’d met had to be one of them? The clues were all here, right in front of me. He has Powers – I saw that on the beach with Portia. He read my mind. He told me he was from somewhere else; he told me he was different. Portia even said the word. Witch. And tonight I found out that the Club is a coven of witches. The last generation of witches in the New World. I should have realized then that he must be one of them. I even knew Diana had a boyfriend, a boyfriend who’s been away â€Å"visiting.† The pieces of the puzzle were all there. I just didn’t want to put it together. Because I’m in love with him. I didn’t know how much until I saw him again tonight. And he belongs to my best friend. My â€Å"sister.† I hate her. The thought was terrifying in its intensity, making her fists clench in the big dog’s fur. It was a raw, primal wash of emotion, a feeling so strong that for a moment it even wiped out the pain. A murderous hatred, red as blood, rushing out from her toward the girl with the hair like moonlight†¦ Like moonlight and sunlight woven together. Staring at it now, with that acid violence still raging inside her, another picture flashed into Cassie’s mind. That same impossibly shining hair falling across the emergency brake in Diana’s car. After Diana had rescued her from Faye. When she was taking you home to take care of you, a voice whispered. And then she cleaned you up and fed you, introduced you to her friends. Protected you, gave you a place to belong. Made you her sister. Now what was that you were saying about hating her? Cassie felt the murderous red fury slipping away. She couldn’t hold on to it, and she didn’t want to try. She couldn’t hate Diana†¦ because she loved Diana. And she loved Adam. She loved them both and she wanted them to be happy. So where does that leave you ? the voice inside her asked. It was all very simple, really. The two of them were so obviously perfect for each other. Both tall – Diana was just the right height to look into his eyes. Both seniors – Diana was mature enough for him, and how could Cassie ever have imagined that an older guy would go for her? Both strikingly attractive, both confident, both leaders. And both full-blooded witches, Cassie reminded herself. I’ll bet he’s incredibly talented – of course he’s talented. Diana wouldn’t have anything but the best. Because she’s the best herself. And don’t forget they’re childhood sweethearts. They’ve been together forever; they don’t even see anybody else. Clearly they were made for each other. So it was all very obvious and very simple – except then why did she feel as if there were razor blades shredding her guts? All she had to do was wish them happiness and put aside any thoughts of Adam and her together. Just resign herself to what was going to happen anyway. Just wish them luck. That was when, clear and cold, the resolve came to her. No matter what happens, she promised, Diana will never know. And neither will he. If Diana found out how Cassie felt, it would upset her. She was so unselfish, she might even feel she had to do something – like give Adam up so Cassie wouldn’t be hurt. And even if she didn’t, she would feel awful. So Cassie wouldn’t let her know. It was as simple as that. Not by word or look or deed, she promised herself fiercely. No matter what happens, I won’t make Diana unhappy. I swear it. A wet nose was poking at her, and soft whines sounded in her ears. Raj was complaining about the lack of attention. â€Å"Cassie?† And Diana was talking to her. Cassie realized what she must look like, clinging to the big dog in a daze. â€Å"What?† she said, trying to keep her lips from trembling. â€Å"I said, are you all right?† Diana was looking at her, those clear green eyes full of concern. There were recent tears on the heavy lashes. Looking into those eyes, Cassie did the bravest thing she had ever done in her life. Braver than standing up to Jordan Bain-bridge and his gun, far braver than throwing herself out to rescue Sally on the hill. She smiled. â€Å"I’m fine,† she said, giving Raj a final pat and getting to her feet. Her voice sounded like somebody else’s, incredibly false and stupid. But Diana wasn’t expecting her to be false, and Diana relaxed. â€Å"I’m just – so much has happened tonight,† Cassie went on, â€Å"I guess I’m a little overwhelmed.† Adam was opening his mouth. He was going to tell everyone, Cassie realized. He was going to tell them how he and Cassie had met and everything that happened. And then Faye, who wasn’t stupid, was going to put two and two together. She was going to realize he was the boy in Cassie’s poem. And that couldn’t happen. She wouldn’t let it. No one must ever know. â€Å"And you didn’t introduce me yet,† she blurted out desperately to Diana. â€Å"You know I’ve been wanting to meet your boyfriend ever since you told me about him.† There. It was said. Your boyfriend. Adam was looking puzzled, but Diana, innocent Diana, was looking chagrined. â€Å"I’m sorry; I didn’t, did I? Cassie, this is Adam – I know you two will like each other. He’s been away – â€Å" â€Å"Visiting,† Cassie put in feverishly as Adam opened his mouth again. â€Å"No, not visiting. I know I told you that before, but now I can tell you the truth. He’s been looking for certain – objects – that belonged to the old coven, the original one. From their records, we can tell that they had some powerful tools that somehow got lost. The Master Tools. Ever since Adam heard about them, he’s been searching for them.† â€Å"And coming back empty-handed,† Faye commented in her husky voice, amused. â€Å"I don’t suppose this time is any different.† Adam’s attention was distracted. He looked at the tall black-haired girl and smiled. It was a mischievous smile, full of the promise of secrets. â€Å"What?† said Faye cynically, and then, as he simply kept smiling at her, â€Å"What? You don’t expect us to believe†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"Adam,† Diana said, her voice changing, â€Å"are you saying that†¦ ?† Adam just grinned at them, then he jerked his head toward a duffel bag lying a little way down the beach. â€Å"Sean, go get that.† Sean scuttled to get it and came back saying, â€Å"It’s heavy.† â€Å"Adam†¦Ã¢â‚¬  whispered Diana, her eyes wide. Adam took the duffel bag from Sean and put it on the ground. â€Å"It’s too bad Nick was in such a hurry to get away,† he said. â€Å"If he’d stayed, he might have seen this.† He reached inside with both hands and pulled out a skull. How to cite The Secret Circle: The Initiation Chapter Thirteen, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

My Dream House Essay Example For Students

My Dream House Essay This report is being written as if you were to fully design my senior project. These are all the steps and procedures you would need to take to properly design it. First thing you would need to do would be identifying specific landmarks of surrounding land or lot. You would note down anything and roughly measure marks approximate to house location, this way you would have a general idea of where the house would be. If there are no big landmarks, such as nearby houses or roads you should note small markings such as trees or pathways, anything to help you identify the location of the house. Also, you should note climate, that can be a factor. After youve surveyed the entire scene you should write down all ideas having to do with what the house will need to be habitable and reference surrounding buildings for notes. For example if a building near the house lot has a high angled roof, that could be because of heavy snow or rainfall. Dont be afraid to ask questions or extensivly look up ideas. Next will come your rough draft, this is basically self explanatory. You will create preliminary sketches of floor plan with rough dimensions, and sketch a view of the house dimensioned from landmarks. The information on your rough sketch does not have to be exact, but it must be more informative then the notes you had taken earlier. After getting specifics from the consumer, you will begin to construct your floor plan. While it is your (our) job to create convinience and simplicity in the house design, you must consider the consumers ideas and needs. When you do this plan you must label all doors with Door tags, these will be used later. When putting dimensions in your floor plan make sure they are specific and detailed. Try not to over dimension, but do not underdimension, carefully check every dimension, to see if it was duplicated or noted beforehand. Now will come the basement plan, dimension everything accordingly and show all needed floor supports. The needs for this house are different because of its large design, lolly columns are neccisary. Label everything. When your done with the basement and floor plans you should construct a electrical plan and plumbing plan, the electrical plan is necessary in this project, but the plumbing is not. Now days you count on a licenced plumer to come in, they are the experts and theyll know whats more convenient to the costumer (Markland) The electrical plan consists of showing where outlets are to be placed, along with switches and lights. The designers job is to show the placement of the electrical utilitys, it is our job (electrician) to figure the wiring and fixtures (Agostini) When you create the electrical plan you should make judgements based logically, this house is fairly easy to do. But as with any design, the costumer should have input on where A rather exiting part of the house design is the plot plan, a plot plan is not always included in a set of prints, but for my project I decided to create one. First you would recap your earlier notes on measured landmarks, and nonspecific landmarks.and make them specific. You need to measure the surrounding area precicly and locate property lines, not all property lines are nice and simple, with a nice square for a yard and perfectly straight line on each side of the house. I showed special case in my plot plan, while this house is not referenced to any specific spot, lot, or peice of land. I got creative and wanted to show one of the many different types of property lines there can be, and this was fairly irregular. After measuring the entire wall to land distance on everyside of the house, you should now measure property lines, as shown in my plot plan. How many degrees a propery line is angled to, and how long that line will extend should be included and is a eccential part of this plot plan. Dont forget driveway, or garage representations, in the case of this house there is a normal driveway. .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .postImageUrl , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:hover , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:visited , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:active { border:0!important; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:active , .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u78cff98c40344341622772927f19209c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: THe Giver report EssayThe next thing that you would have to work on

Monday, March 23, 2020

Slavery Essays (1055 words) - Slavery In The United States, Slavery

Slavery In London in June of 1606, King James I, the reigning monarch of England, issued what would forever change the lives and destiny of the world. The king granted a group of entrepreneurs a charter, allowing them to settle the vastly unknown lands of the newly discovered continent of America. In 1607, a group of ill-suited settlers landed in the Chesapeake region of North America and established the colony of Jamestown. Ravaged by starvation, disease, and natives, the hapless settlers found little success in the early years of the colony. Only through John Smith's leadership and poise did the colony manage to survive the first few grueling years. John Rolfe's contributions ultimately saved the colony, as he was able to tame and cultivate tobacco. The settlement became dependent on farming various products. As England's insatiable appetite grew, Jamestown grew to large-scale farming techniques such as plantation agriculture. It soon became evident that a steady work force would be needed to keep up with the demand of Europe. In 1619, an institution was introduced to the colony that would forever challenge the posterity of the land, altering the scope of future American society for years to come. It is in this year that the first few African slaves arrived in the unknown continent of America. Slavery became firmly established in southern society, relied upon for economic well-being. Through years of degradation, the slaves continued their lives of discrimination and humiliation. Yet these people survived the years of oppression, creating an incredible culture that lasted through their tumultuous existence in America. The evil of slavery reared its ugly face throughout early United States history. The push for freedom grew with the aid of abolitionists who attempted to root out a corruption that appeared to consume their benevolent country. In this sea of trouble, Frederick Douglas arose to fight against this demon seed of slavery. His detailed account of his life as a slave touched the hearts of abolitionists and helped to fan the flame that would destroy this debauched institution. Frederick Douglas' narrative was a weapon that helped many Americans understand slave life and culture and the depravity of their lives through his attempt to invoke sympathy from his readers. The lives and culture of these slaves give testament to the everyday struggle and helped the call for complete abolition. Plantation life was a harsh existence for slaves. Master and slave relationships varied from different plantations. Some masters thought of themselves as having a parental role for the slaves, providing them food and shelter in exchange for a day's work. Yet other masters gave no hint of remorse or feelings towards the slaves and often inflicted great emotional and physical hardships upon them. In either case, the slave system was based on the control of one race over the other based on racial discrimination and moral injustice. Frederick Douglas' autobiography gives a first-hand account as to the life of a slave. Like Douglas, many slaves had more than one master. Often times many smaller masters had small farms all of which was on the property of one master. Each of the smaller masters had what Douglas called overseers (p. 41). The overseer's job was to control the duties and everyday tasks of the slaves. Usually the overseer is the one that delivers the punishment to the slaves. T his person is one of the most despised on the plantation because of their cold-hearted, unwavering hatred towards the slaves. The slaves were valued as property, and their meager existence outlines their struggle of everyday life. In the life of slaves, few things were as important as the family. For a person that is given few possessions, they grappled on to their relationships with their fellow captives. Slaves were not allowed to marry legally, yet they were often permitted to start families and raise children. When they were separated from family members, as was often the case, they experienced grave emotional anguish. The slaves were forced to work in the fields all day under the watchful eyes of the overseer. They served a menial existence, being given the bare necessities of food, water, and some clothing. In their small dwellings, a slave family adopted gender roles similar to

Friday, March 6, 2020

Discuss the causes and effects of desertification in the sahel (Africa) Essays

Discuss the causes and effects of desertification in the sahel (Africa) Essays Discuss the causes and effects of desertification in the sahel (Africa) Paper Discuss the causes and effects of desertification in the sahel (Africa) Paper Essay Topic: Cause and Effect * What are the possible solutions to desertification and in your opinion which solutions would be most effective and whyDesertification is the spreads of desert conditions into areas were not previously deserted. This process most commonly occurs in arid and semi-arid environments, the Sahel region in Africa is one of the worst affected.Estimates suggest that 35% of the earths land surface is at risk, and the livelihoods of 850 million people are directly affected. 75% of the worlds drier lands 45,000,000 square kilometers are affected by desertification, and every year 6,000,000 hectares of agricultural land are lost and become desert. The Sahara is thought to be advancing southwards by about 5-10 kilometers per year, which is a very considerable amount, when you remember that the Sahara is 5,150 kilometers across at its widest point regions it affects are Africa, the Middle East, India and Pakistan, China, Australia, the USA, Brazil, Peru and Chile in Latin America, and in European countries such as Greece, Spain and Portugal. Sahel region is a semiarid region of north-central Africa south of the Sahara Desert. Since the 1960s, the Sahel (the semi-arid land below the Sahara that stretches from Senegal to Eritrea) has experienced a devastating drought and its population has exploded, compounding the demand for firewood, the main source of cooking fuel. The deforestation, in return has destroyed the land and made desertification worse. United Nations Environment Program said that over 19 million square miles of the worlds land surface are becoming desert. In North Africa the Sahel region is the worst. The effect of desertification in the sahel are very bad because it makes the farmers produce less yield of food to the people in the community, the people and animals dies off because of the lack of food. I t also makes the food expensive for the community because there is less food and more people.The causes of desertification in Sahel are by both human and natural activities.The human causes are over cultivation, poor irrigation practices, deforestation, climate change and overgrazing. The natural cause is the annual rain far below average, and high temperatures.Over cultivation is when farmers exhaust the soil by farming too much on it every year which makes the soil becomes useless to the farmers. When the sun heats it, it becomes dry and is blow away by the wind and later turns to desert.Poor irrigation practices is when the farmer in the Sahel water their plants poorly, they only water their plants when it rains. When the plant dose not gets water it dies off and when the soil does not gets water it dry out which makes the land turn dust.Deforestation is when the farmer in the Sahel cut down trees and plant to build houses, making fires and food. When the trees and plants have be en cut down it then makes the soil open to the sun which will make the soil turn into dusts. When the rain falls there wouldnt be trees to protect the soil from being washed away.Climate change is making the world hotter and causing less rain to fall. Climate change is mostly caused by power station cars and industry. They release carbon emissions that trap the heat that makes the earth hotter. So place like Sahel are becoming hotter than before and because the climate in Sahel is becoming hotter this cause it to rain less and longer droughts.Overgrazing is when the animals in the Sahel feed on a particular place for a long time eating every thing, even the roots and because the land is unperfected from the sun, it then turn the land into drought.The natural causes are annual rain and high temperatures. Annual rain in Sahel is far below average. So when there is less rainfall on the land, it then turns the land into desert when it is heated by the sun. High temperature is when it is very hot in the Sahel and due to the high amount of evaporation there will be less rain fall which will then makes the land dry out and turn into desert.To solve the problems caused by desertification in the Sahel the following have to be done. Using irrigation water being control, water plant correctly at certain hours also look after water, the advantages of using this method is that it save water, can be done easily and crops grows better. The disadvantage is that it cost money to set up. Education programs teach the woman and men how to look after their farms and can be more productive, the advantage of using this method is that it the same as long term aid. Training programs teach farmers how to look after their lands do not overgraze or over cultivate, the advantages of using this method are that it might work, they will make money from the crops and more food to the community.The disadvantages are that it cost money for training and might not work. Seed technology, mixing ce rtain type of seed that can survive during drought, the advantage of using this method is that it works in dry places. The disadvantage is that it expensive. Afforestation, planting of more trees, no more cutting down of any more trees, the advantages of using this method is that plant transpiration rainfall, it good for the soil and dose not turn the soil to desert.The disadvantages are that it takes long time for trees to grow and they might die off due to the little rainfall. Long term aid this, this types of aid allows people to develop their live hood so they can survive without aid in future. The advantage of using this method is that it teaches them how to look after their lands and make it more productive for the future.My opinion on which solution is the best and why I think that the best solution for every one is Afforestation because is suitable for everyone, the easiest to use and its cheaper. It can also last for many generations if looked after; it can produce many adv antages for the farmer and it can protect their land from desertification,

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Research Methodology for User Evaluation Dissertation

Research Methodology for User Evaluation - Dissertation Example Scenario 4: Fourth scenario involves making changes in the personal settings of the user to protect his personal infroamtion and to enhance the level of privacy from any undesired source. Changes may also be made to alter the settings for font type, color schemes, languages etc. Scenario 5: This scenario involves the usage of the system on an alternate technology and platform to analyze the level of compatibility with multiple environments. A video has been designed to provide a means for visual recollection of all the processes and functions of the system. It is common for people to understand computer operations in a better manner if visual step-by-step tutorials are available. The video shall be made available in both Arabic and English languages. 9.1.1 Profiling of exemplar UbIAMS The preceding chapter explains the models that form the basis of the development of UbIAMS. The addition of the word ‘ubiquitous’ has transformed the conventional concept of being constrain ed at one place to being available in different spaces; this introduction enhances the application to physical, as well as virtual spaces. UbIAMS has been designed on the basis of multiple models, including, architectural model, behavioural model, interaction diagram, collaboration diagram, sequence diagram and state machine diagram. The three criteria, security and identity, accessibility and acceptability, usability and user experience have been highlighted in the architectural model to ensure the inclusion of a diverse range of properties in the end product. The behavioural model has been developed for UbIAMS to highlight the basic operation of the system. Collaboration and interaction diagram can help the user evaluate the complexity and usefulness of the operations. State machine and... Research Methodology for User Evaluation The formulation of the considerations for the development of the prototype has been discussed in this chapter, alongside the scenarios that shall prove to facilitate the functionality of the system for the users. The scenarios also provide a full insight into the system and the scope of its functions before even operating it. This chapter also described the process and design of the survey which is an important step in the acquisition of feedback from the users. Different age groups and types of users (varying levels of experiences and diverse degrees of disabilities) have been chosen to ensure that the end product proves to be flexible for all ages and user groups. Developers often develop systems without considering the probable elementary computer skills of users therefore this factors has been given careful consideration in the designing of this system. This chapter also highlights the ethical considerations that have been undertaken in the processes of acquiriung feedback from the users. Their willingness to participate in the study and eagerness to protect their information have been kept as top priorities. The users that have been chosen for the research study have been limited to the land of Saudi Arab to reflect a true image of the level of acceptance that can be expected from the region after its eventual launch. The next chapter shall include details regarding â€Å"Statistical Tools and Data Analysis Approaches†.